Executive Order No. 174
INSTITUTIONALIZING THE PHILIPPINE GREENHOUSE GAS INVENTORY MANAGEMENT AND REPORTING SYSTEM
WHEREAS, Article II, SEC. 16 of the 1987 Constitution provides that the State shall protect and advance the right of the people to a balanced and healthful ecology in accord with the rhythm and harmony of nature;
WHEREAS, Section 6 of Republic Act (RA) No. 8749, or the “Philippine Clean Air Act of 1999,” provides for the establishment of the Air Quality Monitoring and Information Network, specifically the reporting of pertinent qualitative and quantitative information concerning the extent of air pollution and the air pollution and quality performance rating of industries;
WHEREAS, RA 9729, or the “Climate Change Act of 2009,” as amended by RA 10174, declares that it is a policy of the State to strengthen, integrate, consolidate, and institutionalize government initiatives to achieve coordination in the implementation of plans and programs to address climate change in the context of sustainable development;
WHEREAS, the Climate Change Commission (CCC) is the lead agency in the formulation of mitigation and adaptation policies and strategies to address the effects of climate change; and
WHEREAS, the National Climate Change Action Plan identified the implementation of a national system for the archiving, reporting, monitoring, and evaluating greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions as an activity that can support better planning for climate change adaptation and mitigation actions.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, BENIGNO S. AQUINO III, President of the Philippines, by virtue of the powers vested in me by law, do hereby order:
SECTION 1. Philippine Greenhouse Gas Inventory Management and Reporting System (PGHGIMRS). – The PGHGIMRS is hereby established to institutionalize the GHG inventory management and reporting system in relevant government agencies to enable the country to transition towards a climate-resilient pathway for sustainable development.
SEC. 2. Role of the CCC. – The CCC shall be the overall lead in the implementation of this Order. It shall be responsible for the following:
(a) Provide direction and guidance in the accounting and reporting of GHG emissions from identified key source sectors in order to develop and maintain centralized, comprehensive, and integrated data on GHGs;
(b) Develop a system for the archiving, reporting, monitoring, and evaluating GHG inventories in all key sectors; and
(c) Provide and facilitate continuous capacity building initiatives in the conduct of GHG inventories to ensure application of updated methodologies.
SEC. 3. Lead Agencies. – The following shall be the lead agencies for the GHG inventories:
(a) Department of Agriculture and the Philippine Statistics Authority (PSA) – lead agencies for the agriculture sector;
(b) Department of Energy – lead agency for the energy sector;
(c) Department of Environment and Natural Resources – lead agency for the waste, industrial processes and the land-use and forestry sectors; and
(d) Department of Transportation and Communications – lead agency for the transport sector.
The CCC may invite concerned Local Government Units, academe, private and public institutions to participate, complement, and assist in the implementation of the PGHGIMRS and this Order.
The PSA may assist other lead agencies in the conduct of the sectoral GHG inventories.
SEC. 4. Responsibilities of the Lead Agencies. – The lead agencies shall be responsible for the following:
(a) Conduct, document, archive and monitor sector-specific GHG inventories;
(b) Report sector-specific GHG to the CCC based on the agreed reporting scheme; and
(c) Perform such other functions as may be necessary for the effective implementation of this Order.
SEC. 5. Funding. – The implementing agencies of the PGHGIMRS are hereby authorized to charge against their current appropriations such amounts as may be necessary for the implementation of this Order, subject to the usual government accounting and auditing rules and regulations. Subsequent funding requirements shall be incorporated in the annual budget proposals of the respective implementing agencies through the General Appropriations Act.
SEC. 6. Reports. – The CCC shall submit to the Office of the President an annual report on the status of the implementation and disbursement of funds for this Order.
SEC. 7. Implementing Rules and Regulations. – Within thirty (30) days from the effectivity of this Order, the CCC shall formulate a Guidance Document to serve as its implementing rules and regulations for the conduct, implementation, documentation, reporting and archiving of data in the PGHGIMRS.
SEC. 8. Separability Clause. – Should any provision of this Order be declared invalid or unconstitutional, the other provisions unaffected thereby shall remain valid and subsisting.
SEC. 9. Repealing Clause. – All issuances, orders, proclamations, rules, regulations, or parts thereof, which are inconsistent with the provisions of this Order are hereby repealed or modified accordingly.
SEC. 10. Effectivity. – This Order shall take effect immediately upon publication in a newspaper of general circulation.
Done in the City of Manila, this 24th day of November, in the year of Our Lord, Two Thousand and Fourteen.
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