DENR ADMINISTRATIVE ORDER

No. 34

Series of 1990

 

 

Subject:

Revised Water Usage and Classification/Water Quality Criteria Amending Section Nos. 68 And 69, Chapter III of the 1978 NPCC Rules and Regulations

 

SEC. 68. Water Usage and Classification.  – The quality of Philippine waters shall be maintained in a safe and satisfactory condition according to their best usages.  For this purpose, all waters shall be classified according to the following beneficial usages:

 

(a)    Fresh Surface Waters (rivers, lakes, reservoirs, etc.)

 

Classification

 

Beneficial Use1

 

Class AA

Public Water Supply Class I.  This class is intended primarily for waters having watersheds which are uninhabited and otherwise protected and which require only approved disinfection in order to meet the National Standards for Drinking Water (NSDW) of the Philippines.

 

Class A

Public Water Supply Class II.   For sources of water supply that will require complete treatment (coagulation, sedimentation, filtration and disinfection) in order to meet the NSDW.

 

Class B

Recreational Water Class I.  For primary contact recreation such as bathing, swimming, skin diving, etc. (particularly those designated for tourism purposes).

 

Class C

(1)      Fishery Water for the propagation and growth of fish and other aquatic resources;

(2)      Recreational Water Class II (Boating, etc.)

(3)      Industrial Water Supply Class I (For manufacturing processes after treatment).

 

Class D

(1)      For agriculture, irrigation, livestock watering, etc.

(2)      Industrial Water Supply Class II (e.g. cooling, etc.)

(3)      Other inland waters, by their quality, belong to this classification.

 

(b)     Coastal and Marine Waters

 

Classification

 

Beneficial Use

 

Class SA

(1)      Waters suitable for the propagation, survival and harvesting of shellfish for commercial purposes;

(2)      Tourist zones and national marine parks and reserves established under Presidential Proclamation No. 1801; existing laws and/or declared as such by appropriate government agency.

(3)      Coral reef parks and reserves designated by law and concerned authorities.

 

Class SB

(1)      Recreational Water Class I (Areas regularly used by the public for bathing, swimming, skin diving, etc.);

(2)      Fishery Water Class I (Spawning areas for Chanos chanos or “Bangus” and similar species).

 

Class SC

(1)      Recreational Water Class II (e.g. boating, etc.);

(2)      Fishery Water Class II (Commercial and sustenance fishing);

(3)      Marshy and/or mangrove areas declared as fish and wildlife sanctuaries;

 

Class SD

(1)      Industrial Water Supply Class II (e.g. cooling, etc.);

(2)      Other coastal and marine waters, by their quality, belong to this classification.

 

(c)      General Provisions on Water Classification

 

(1)      Classification of a water body according to a particular designated use or uses does not preclude use of the water for other purposes that are lower in classification provided that such use does not prejudice the quality required for such waters.

 

(2)      Water classifications are arranged in the order of the degree of protection required, with Class AA and SA having generally the most stringent water quality, respectively, for fresh surface waters and marine/coastal waters; and Class D and SD waters have the least stringent water quality for fresh surface waters and marine waters, respectively.

 

(3)      The main objective of the water quality criteria is to maintain the minimum conditions necessary to assure the suitability of water for its designated use or classification.

 

(4)      Any person regulated under these rules or having a substantial interest in this chapter may seek reclassification of waters by filing a petition with the DENR giving all necessary information to support the petition.

 

(5)      All reclassifications of water shall be adopted, only after public notice and hearing and upon affirmative findings by the DENR Regional Office concerned that:

 

(i)               The proposed reclassification will establish the present and future most beneficial use of the waters;

 

(ii)              Such a reclassification is clearly in the public interest, and

 

(iii)             The proposed designated use is attainable, upon consideration of environmental, technological, social, economic and institutional factors.

 

(6)      For purposes of classification or reclassification the following minimum water quality parameters are to be considered:

 

(i)               Dissolved oxygen (DO)

 

(ii)              pH

 

(iii)             Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BOD)

 

(iv)             Total Coliform Organisms

 

SEC. 69. Water Quality Criteria.  –

 

(a)      Minimum Criteria for Surface Waters.  All surface waters of the country shall be free from:

 

(1)      Domestic, industrial, agricultural, or other man-induced non-thermal components of discharges which, alone or in combination with other substances or in combination with other components of discharges (whether thermal or non-thermal)

 

(i)       That settle to form putrescent deposits or otherwise create a nuisance; or

 

(ii)      That float as debris, scum, oil, or other matter in such amounts as to form nuisances; or

 

(iii)     That produce color, odor, taste, turbidity, or other conditions in such degree as to create a nuisance; or

 

(iv)     That are acutely toxic; or

 

(v)      That are present in concentrations which are carcinogenic, mutagenic, or teratogenic to human beings or to significant, locally occurring wildlife or aquatic species; or

 

(vi)     That pose a serious danger to the public health, safety or welfare.

 

(2)      Thermal components of discharges which alone, or in combination with other discharges or components of discharges (whether thermal or non-thermal):

 

(i)       That produce conditions so as to create nuisance; or

 

(ii)      That increase the temperature of the receiving body of water (RBW) so as to cause substantial damage or harm to the aquatic life or vegetation therein or interfere with the beneficial uses assigned to the RBW.

 

(b)      Water Quality Criteria for Fresh Waters.

 

(1)      Conventional and Other Pollutants Affecting Aesthetics and Oxygen Demand.  – Please refer to Table 1 for the parameters and limits or specifications according to classification and use of the receiving body of water (RBW).

 

Table 1 – Water Quality Criteria for Conventional and Other Pollutants Contributing to Aesthetics and Oxygen Demand for Fresh Waters (a)

 

PARAMETER

UNIT

CLASS

AA

CLASS

A

CLASS

B

CLASS

C

CLASS

D (b)

 

Color

PCU

15

50

(c)

(c)

(c)

Temperature (d) (max. rise in deg. Celsius)

°C rise

3

3

3

3

3

pH (range)

6.5-8.5

6.5-8.5

6.5-8.5

6.5-8.5

6.5-8.5

6.0-9.0

Dissolved Oxygen (e)

(Minimum)

% satn

mg/L

70

5.0

70

5.0

70

5.0

60

5.0

40

3.0

5-Day 20°C BOD

mg/L

1

5

5

7(10)

10(15)

Total Suspended Solids

mg/L

25

50

(f)

(g)

(h)

Total Dissolved Solids

mg/L

500(i)

1,000 (i)

-

-

1,000 (i)

Surfactants (MBAS)

mg/L

nil

0.2(0.5)

0.3(0.5)

0.5

-

Oil/Grease

(Petroleum Ether Extracts)

mg/L

nil

1

1

2

5

Nitrate as Nitrogen

mg/L

1.0

10

nr

10(j)

-

Phosphate as Phosphorus

mg/L

nil

0.1(k)

0.2(k)

0.4(k)

-

Phenolic Substances as Phenols

mg/L

nil

0.002

0.005(l)

0.02(l)

-

Total Coliforms

MPN/

100 mL

50(m)

1,000(m)

1,000(m)

5,000(m)

-

Or Fecal Coliforms

MPN/

100 mL

20(m)

100(m)

200(m)

-

-

Chloride as Cl

mg/L

l

250

-

350

-

Copper

mg/L

1.0

1.0

-

0.05(o)

-

 

____________________

Footnotes for Tables 1, 2, 3 and 4.

 

(a) – Except as otherwise indicated, the numerical limits in Tables 1 and 3 are yearly average values. Values enclosed in parentheses are maximum values.

 

(b) – For irrigation purposes, SAR should have a minimum value of 8 and a maximum value not to exceed 18. Boron should not exceed 0.75 mg/L.

 

(c) – No abnormal discoloration from unnatural causes

 

(d) – The allowable temperature increase over the average ambient temperature for each month. This rise shall be based on the average of the maximum daily temperature readings recorded at the site but upstream of the mixing zone over a period of one (1) month.

 

(e) – Sampling taken between 9:00 AM and 4:00 PM

 

(f) – Not more than 30% increase

 

(g) – Not more than 30 mg/L increase

 

(h) – Not more than 60 mg/L increase

 

(i) – Do not apply if natural background is higher in concentration. The latter will prevail and will be used as baseline

 

(j) – Applicable only to lakes or reservoirs, and similarly impounded water

 

(k) – When applied to lakes or reservoirs, the Phosphate as P concentration should not exceed an average of 0.05 mg/L nor a maximum of 0.1 mg/L

 

(l) – Not present in concentrations to affect fish flavor/taste

 

(m) – These values refer to the geometric mean of the most probable number of coliform organism during a 3-month period and that the limit indicated shall not be exceeded in 20 percent of the samples taken during the same period

 

(n) – For spawning areas for Chanoschanos and other similar species

 

(o) – Limit is in terms of dissolved copper

 

nil – Extremely low concentration and not detectable by existing equipment

 

--- – Means the standard of these substances are not considered necessary for the present time, considering the stage of the country’s development and DENR  capabilities, equipment and resources

 

nr – Means No Recommendation made

 

(2)      Toxic and other Deleterious Substances. – The maximum limits for these types of pollutants according to classifications or use of the receiving body of water are found in Table 2.

 

Table 2 – Water Quality Criteria for Toxic and Other Deleterious Substances for Fresh Waters (For the Protection of Public Health)

 

PARAMETER

UNIT

CLASS

AA

CLASS

A

CLASS

B

CLASS

C

CLASS

D (b)

 

Arsenic (i)

mg/L

0.05

0.05

0.05

0.05

0.01

Cadmium (i)

mg/L

0.01

0.01

0.01

0.01

0.05

Chromium (i)

(hexavalent)

mg/L

0.05

0.05

0.05

0.05

-

Cyanide

mg/L

0.05

0.05

0.05

0.05

-

Lead (i)

mg/L

0.05

0.05

0.05

0.05

-

Total Mercury (i)

mg/L

0.002

0.002

0.002

0.002

0.002

Organophosphate

mg/L

nil

nil

nil

nil

nil

Aldrin

mg/L

0.001

0.001

-

-

-

DDT

mg/L

0.05

0.05

-

-

-

Dieldrin

mg/L

0.001

0.001

-

-

-

Heptachlor

mg/L

nil

nil

-

-

-

Lindane

mg/L

0.004

0.004

-

-

-

Toxaphane

mg/L

0.005

0.005

-

-

-

Methoxychlor

mg/L

0.10

0.10

-

-

-

Chlordane

mg/L

0.003

0.003

-

-

-

Endrin

mg/L

nil

nil

-

-

-

PCB

mg/L

0.001

0.001

-

-

-

 

Note:

 

1.  Limiting values of organophosphates and organochlorines may in the meantime serve as guidelines in the interim period pending the procurement and availability of necessary laboratory equipment. For Barium, Cobalt, Fluoride, Iron, Lithium, Manganese, Nickel, Selenium, Silver and Vanadium, the 1978 NPCC Rules and Regulations, Section 69 may be considered.

 

2.  For footnotes please refer to Table 1.

 

(c) Coastal and Marine Waters Criteria.

 

1.  Conventional and Other Pollutants Affecting Aesthetics and Oxygen Demand. The criteria for Class SA, SB, SC and SD are found in Table 3.

 

Table 3 – Water Quality Criteria for Conventional and Other Pollutants Affecting Aesthetics and Exerting Oxygen Demand for Coastal and Marine Waters.  (A)

 

PARAMETER

UNIT

CLASS

SA

CLASS

SB

CLASS

SC

CLASS

SD

 

Color

PCU

(c)

(c)

(c)

(c)

Temperature (d) (max. rise in deg.

Celsius)

°C rise

3

3

3

3

pH (range)

 

6.5 – 8.5

6.0 – 8.5

6.0 – 8.5

6.0 – 9.0

Dissolved Oxygen (e)

(Minimum)

% satn

mg/L

70

5.0

70

5.0

70

5.0

50

2.0

5-Day 20°C BOD

mg/L

3

5

7(10)

-

Total Suspended Solids

mg/L

(f)

(g)

(g)

(h)

Surfactants (MBAS)

mg/L

0.2

0.3

0.5

-

Oil/Grease (Petroleum Ether Extract)

mg/L

1

2

3

5

Phenolic Substances as Phenols

mg/L

nil

0.01

(1)

-

Total Coliforms

MPN/

100 mL

70(m)

1,000(m)

5,000(m)

-

Fecal Coliforms

MPN/

100 mL

nil

200(m)

-

-

Copper

Mg/L

-

0.02(n) (o)

0.005(o)

-

 

Note: For footnotes please refer to Table 1.

 

2. Toxic and Other Deleterious Substances. The maximum limits for toxic and other deleterious substances for waters classified as Class SA, SB, SC and SD waters are found in Table 4.

 

Table 4 – Water Quality Criteria for Toxic and Other Deleterious Substances for Coastal and Marine Waters (for the Protection of Public Health)

 

PARAMETER

UNIT

CLASS

SA

CLASS

SB

CLASS

SC

CLASS

SD

 

Arsenic (i)

mg/L

0.05

0.05

0.05

-

Cadmium (i)

mg/L

0.01

0.01

0.01

-

Chromium (i)

(hexavalent)

mg/L

0.05

0.1

0.1

-

Cyanide

mg/L

0.05

0.05

0.05

-

Lead (i)

mg/L

0.05

0.05

0.05

-

Total Mercury (i)

mg/L

0.002

0.002

0.002

-

Organophosphate

mg/L

nil

nil

nil

-

Aldrin

mg/L

0.001

-

-

-

DDT

mg/L

0.05

-

-

-

Dieldrin

mg/L

0.001

-

-

-

Heptachlor

mg/L

nil

-

-

-

Lindane

mg/L

0.004

-

-

-

Toxaphane

mg/L

0.005

-

-

-

Methoxychlor

mg/L

0.10

-

-

-

Chlordane

mg/L

0.003

-

-

-

Endrin

mg/L

nil

-

-

-

PCB

mg/L

0.001

-

-

-

 

Note: 1.  Limiting values of organophosphates and organochlorines may in the meantime serve as guidelines in the interim period pending the procurement and availability of necessary laboratory equipment.  For Barium, Cobalt, Fluoride, Iron, Lithium, Manganese, Nickel, Selenium, Silver and Vanadium, the 1978 NPCC Rules and Regulations, Section 69 may be considered.

 

2.  For footnotes please refer to Table 1.

 

(d) Methods of analysis.  – For purposes of these regulations, any water sample taken for the purpose of classification or for determining compliance with the water quality criteria shall be analyzed in accordance with the methods enumerated in Table 5.

 

The table also applies to determine compliance to effluent regulations.

 

Table 5 – Approved Methods of Analysis

 

PARAMETER

METHOD OF ANALYSIS

 

ARSENIC

Silver Diethyldithiocarbamate Method (Colorimetric)

BOD5

Azide Modification (Dilution Technique)

BORON

Carmine Method (Colorimetric Method)

CADMIUM

Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometry (West ashing with concentrated HNO3, + HCl

CHLORINATED HYDROCARBONS

Gas Chromatography (ECD)

CHROMIUM

(Hexavalent) Diphenyl Carbazide Colorimetric Method

COLOR

Visual Comparison Method (Platinum Cobalt Scale)

CYANIDE

Specific Ion Electrode Method

DISSOLVED OXYGEN

Azide Modification (Winkler Method), Membrane Electrode (DO meter)

FECAL COLIFORMS

Multiple-Tube Fermentation Technique or Membrane Filter

LEAD

Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometry

NITRATE AS NITROGEN

Bruccine Method for Saline Waters, specific Ion Electrode Meter for Fresh Water

OIL AND GREASE

Gravimetric Method (Petroleum Ether Extraction)

ORGANO PHOSPHORUS COMPOUNDS

Gas Chromatography (FPD)

POLYCHLORINATED BIPHENYL (PCB)

Gas Chromatography (ECD) pH Glass Electrode Method

PHENOLIC SUBSTANCES

Chloroform Extraction Method

PHOSPHATE AS PHOSPHORUS

Stannous Chloride Method

SETTLEABLE SOLIDS

Imhoff Cone Method

SURFACTANTS (MBAS)

Methylene Blue Method (Colorimetric)

TEMPERATURE

Use of Mercury-Filled Thermometer

TOTAL COLIFORMS

Multiple-Tube Fermentation Technique or Membrane Filter

TOTAL MERCURY

Cold Vapor Technique (Mercury Analyzer, AAS)

TOTAL SUSPENDED SOLIDS

Gravimetric Method

 

__________________________

 

Note:  Other methods found in the Philippine Standard Methods for Air and Water Analysis, the “Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Waste Waters”, published jointly by American Public Health Association (APHA), the American Waterworks Association and the Water Pollution Control Federation of the U.S. or in accordance with such other method of analyses as the DENR may prescribe.

 

(e) Significant Parameters.  – As a guide to dischargers and regulatory agencies the significant parameters to be considered for monitoring purposes are indicated in Table 6.

 

Table 6 – Significant Parameters for Selected Types of Industries

 

TYPE OF INDUSTRY

SIGNIFICANT WASTEWATER PARAMETERS

 

A.      BEVERAGE INDUSTRY

BOD5, pH, Suspended Solids, Settleable Solids, Oil and Grease

B.      CEMENT, CONCRETE, LIME & GYPSUM

pH, Suspended Solids, Dissolved Solids, Temperature

C.       DAIRY PRODUCT PROCESSING

BOD5, COD, pH, Suspended Solids, Dissolved Solids Settleable Solids

D.       FERRO ALLOY MFG. (electric furnace with wet air pollution control)

Suspended Solids, Chromium (hexavalent) Oil and Grease, Phenols, Phosphates

E.       FERTILIZER INDUSTRY

Nitrogen Fertilizer Industry

Phosphate Fertilizer Industry

Chloride, Chromium, Dissolved Solids, Nitrate, Suspended Solids pH, Phosphorus, Suspended Solids, Temperature, Cadmium, Arsenic

F.       GRAIN MILLING INDUSTRY

BOD5, Suspended Solids, Temperature

G.       INORGANIC CHEMICALS, ALKALIES AND CHLORINE INDUSTRY

pH, Total Suspended Solids, Total Dissolved Solids, Chlorides, Sulfates, COD, Temperature

H.      LEATHER TANNING & FINISHING INDUSTRY

BOD5, COD, Chromium, Oil and Grease, pH, Suspended Solids, Color, Dissolved Solids

I.       LIVESTOCK INDUSTRY

BOD5, COD, Total Suspended Solids, pH, Color, Total Coliforms

J.       MEAT, FISH AND FRUIT CANNING

BOD5, COD, Suspended Solids, pH, Oil & Grease, Dissolved Solids

K.       MEAT PRODUCTS INDUSTRY

BOD5, pH, Suspended Solids, Settleable Solids, Oil and Grease, Total Coliforms, Toxic Materials

L.       METAL FINISHING INDUSTRY

Oil and Grease, Heavy Metals (Cr, Cd, etc.). Suspended Solids, Cyanide

M.      MINERAL ORE PROCESSING (Mining Industry)

Suspended Solids, Heavy Metals (Hg, Cn, Cd, etc.), Arsenic

N.       ORGANIC CHEMICALS INDUSTRY

BOD5, COD, pH, Total Suspended Solids, Total Dissolved Solids, Oil (Free-Floating)

O.      PETROLEUM REFINING INDUSTRY

BOD5, Heavy Metals, COD, Oil (Total) pH, Phenols, Suspended Solids, Temperature, Total Dissolved Solids

P.      PLASTIC MATERIALS & SYNTHETIC INDUSTRY

BOD5, COD, pH, Total Suspended Solids, Oil and Grease, Phenols

Q.      PULP & PAPER INDUSTRY

BOD5, COD, pH, Total Suspended Solid, E. Coli, Color, Heavy Metals, Dissolved Solids, Oil & Grease, Phenols

R.      STEEL INDUSTRY

Oil and Grease, pH, Cyanide, Phenol, Suspended Solids, Temperature, Chromium

S.       SUGAR CANE PROCESSING INDUSTRY

BOD5, pH, Suspended Solids, Oil and grease

T.       TEXTILE MILL INDUSTRY

BOD5, COD, pH, Suspended Solids, Chromium, Phenols, Color, Oil and Grease

U.       THERMAL POWER GENERATION

BOD5, Color, Chromium, Oil and Grease, pH, Phosphate, Suspended Solids, Temperature

 

This Order shall take effect thirty (30) days after publication in the Official Gazette or any newspaper of general circulation.

 

APPROVED.

 

 

 

 

FULGENCIO S. FACTORAN, JR.

Secretary


 

1In general, this refers to current best beneficial use that is expected to last, at least, for the next 10 to 20 years.  In special cases when dictated by political, economic, social, public health, environmental and other considerations, certain waters may be classified according to the intended or future beneficial use (e.g. Pasig River, Tullahan-Tenejeros, etc.).

 

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